World War I also left a lasting mark on the Middle East. By encouraging an Arab revolt, Britain helped precipitate the collapse of the Germany-allied Ottoman empire. Finally, the Ottoman empire’s collapse also resulted in the killing of up to 1.5 million Armenians in what they steadfastly argue was a full-blown genocide. The war also spurred new waves of creativity in the arts. Poetry was revived as an art form across the world; Dadaism, the avant-garde art movement, was born and led in turn to Surrealism; and jazz, brought to Europe by American soldiers, became the soundtrack for the escapism and innovation of the “roaring ’20s”.
Quim Torra, the Catalan regional head and Junts per Catalunya (JxCat) member, last week threatened to withdraw parliamentary support for Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez in the national parliament, but coalition ally Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC, Republican Left of Catalonia) did not back the move.
The First Minister is to open her party’s conference by saying the people of Scotland deserve better than Westminster chaos. The “shambles of Brexit” has strengthened the case for Scottish independence, Nicola Sturgeon has declared as the SNP Conference opens in Glasgow.
“The shambles of Brexit makes the case for independence more compelling than ever – with Westminster ignoring Scotland’s voice and interests and undermining devolution with a power grab on the Scottish Parliament.”
Some Coalition campaign posters urged people to vote “Yes” to defend family values or run the risk of gay couples stealing or adopting their children. A separate advert said a “No” vote would enable a man to marry a tree.
“Many fear that what has happened in other countries, such as legalizing marriage between a man and an animal, could happen here,” the leader of the ruling Social Democrat Party (PSD), Liviu Dragnea, told television station Romania TV.
In July, Spain’s Supreme Court effectively stripped Carles Puigdemont and the other separatist politicians of their public duties due to their role in organising an independence referendum on Oct 1, 2017. Opinion polls in Catalonia show a relatively even split between those who favour remaining in Spain and those wanting to secede.
Macedonia has struggled for recognition of its name since its birth in 1991 when the landlocked country declared independence from Yugoslavia. Athens protested immediately, accusing Skopje of stealing the name of its own northern province also called Macedonia. The dispute stretches back nearly three decades, with both countries claiming links to Alexander the Great’s ancient empire of Macedon, which spanned the territories.
Besa Arifi, a law professor says: “This is the first time I am seeing Macedonians and Albanians campaigning together for common goals. This will give us more opportunities to unite all citizens around shared values.”