Europe Biography

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Queen Elizabeth II - Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary - UK News

Queen Elizabeth II was born Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on April 21, 1926, in London, to Prince Albert, Duke of York (later known as King George VI), and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. She married Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, in 1947, became queen on February 6, 1952, and was crowned on June 2, 1953. She is the mother of Prince Charles, heir to the throne, as well as the grandmother of princes William and Harry.

As the longest-serving monarch in British history, she has tried to make her reign more modern and sensitive to a changing public while maintaining traditions associated with the crown.Continue reading

Alexander Elliot Anderson Salmond, Alex Salmond - Scotland Politics News Today

Alex Salmond (Alexander Elliot Anderson Salmond), better known as Alex, was born in Linlithgow on 31 December 1954. He attended Linlithgow Academy and studied at St Andrew’s University, where he graduated with a joint honours MA in Economics and History. His professional life began at the Government Economic Service as an Assistant Economist in the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries for Scotland.

In 1980, he embarked on a seven-year career with the Royal Bank of Scotland as an Assistant Economist before being appointed Oil Economist in 1982 and Royal Bank Economist in 1985.Continue reading

Luigi Di Maio - Politics Today in Italy

I was born July 6, 1986 in Avellino, but until the day before being elected in Parliament I lived in Pomigliano d’Arco, in the province of Naples, the city where the Fiat plants are located and where the current Alenia is based. This is also why the engines, and cars in particular, have always fascinated me and Enzo Ferrari has always been one of my myths, a man to admire for his ability to realize an entrepreneurial dream.

At the age of 10 I wanted to be a policeman because I felt the sense and necessity of justice, especially in a land like mine devastated by the Camorra. I have been swimming and diving for many years, also learning from these sports to maintain calm and concentration.Continue reading

Mustafa Kamel Mustafa, Abu Hamza al-Masri - UK News

Abu Hamza al-Masri (Mustafa Kamel Mustafa), born in Alexandria, Egypt, on 15 April 1958, Abu Hamza was the son of a naval officer and a primary school headmistress. He initially studied civil engineering before leaving for England in 1979. In London, one of his first jobs was as a nightclub bouncer. He married a British woman who he says encouraged him to embrace Islam.

“I took time off from the clubs and I enjoyed it,” he said at his trial in the US.

He decided to resume his studies at Brighton Polytechnic and gained a civil engineering degree, joining the Institution of Civil Engineers where he remained a member until 1994.Continue reading

Nicola Sturgeon - Scotland Politics Today

Nicola Sturgeon was born on 19 July 1970 in the North Ayrshire town of Irvine. Nicola Sturgeon became an SNP member at the tender age of 16, having been inspired by a high-ranking female politician – but not in the way you might think. It was Margaret Thatcher.

She told BBC Radio Four’s Women’s Hour: “Thatcher was prime minister, the economy wasn’t in great shape, lots of people around me were looking at a life or an immediate future of unemployment and I think that certainly gave me a strong sense of social justice and, at that stage, a strong feeling that it was wrong for Scotland to be governed by a Tory government that we hadn’t elected.”Continue reading

Annegret-Kramp-Karrenbauer - Germany Politics Headline Today

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer lives with her family in Püttlingen. Kramp-Karrenbauer was born on August 9, 1962 in Völklingen. In 1982 she graduated from the Marie-Luise-Kaschnitz Gymnasium in the same place. In 1982 she began her studies in law and political science at the universities in Trier and Saarbrücken. In 1990 she completed her studies with Magister Artium.

From September 1999 to March 2018 Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer was a member of the Saarland Landtag. From 1999 to 2000 she held the post of parliamentary director of the CDU parliamentary group. Continue reading

Dawn Butler - UK Politics Today

Dawn Butler was born 3 November 1969 to expats from Jamaica, and is one of six children. She worked on a market stall and in a bakery in her youth but started her career as a computer programmer/systems analyst and then working as a trade unionist. Her desire to enter politics came from a deep rooted commitment to address inequality.

Elected as the Member of Parliament for Brent South on 5 May 2005 Dawn’s maiden speech described her constituency as a “shining example of integration at its best”. Dawn became the first elected African-Caribbean woman to become a Government Minister in the UK.

Dawn ran a hugely successful campaign in 2015 and won Brent Central with a majority of nearly 20,000 – giving the largest vote swing in Britain at that election. She was again successful in the 2017 election, winning 73.1% of the vote.Continue reading

Mary Lou McDonald - Republic of Ireland

Mary Lou McDonald was born in Dublin on May 1, 1969 and is the new president of Sinn Fein. Her father, Patrick, was a very successful surveyor, married to Joan. She has two brothers: Bernard, a scientist and Patrick, a patent lawyer. Her sister, Joanne, is a teacher. She was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, the University of Limerick and Dublin City University, studying English Literature, European Integration Studies and Human Resource management.

After leaving university, the politician ran for the leadership unopposed and had served as deputy leader since February 2008. She has been a Member of Dáil Éireann, the equivalent of an MP, for Dublin Central since 2011 and had previously served as an MEP for the Dublin constituency from 2004 to 2009.Continue reading

Stephen Barclay - Stephen Paul Barclay - UK Politics News Today

Stephen Barclay was born on 3 May 1972 in Lytham, Lancashire. Stephen Paul Barclay a Leave-backing Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom serving as Member of Parliament for North East Cambridgeshire since 2010. He was appointed By UK Prime Minister Theresa May as Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union on 16 November 2018, following the resignation of Dominic Raab.

Stephen was previously Minister of State for the Department of Health and Social Care from January to November 2018. Stephen was also previously Economic Secretary to the Treasury from June 2017 to January 2018.Continue reading

Arlene Foster - Northern Ireland Politics Today

Arlene Foster, was born Arlene Kelly on 3 July 1970. Foster has plenty of experience of unlikely political marriages, having spent years in coalition government with unionism’s long term political opponents, Sinn Féin.

Arlene has been involved in politics since she was a student at Queen’s University and has always been known as a strong advocate for unionism, particularly in the west of the Province. A lawyer by profession, she was born and bred in South East Fermanagh and still lives in the County with her husband and three children.Continue reading