Seyed Ebrahim Raisi, Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi, Ebrahim Raisi - Ebrahim Raeisi Biography Profile
DONATE to POLITICOSCOPE




Subscribe to News Like This

Ebrahim Raisi was born on 14 December 1960, Mashhad. Judiciary chief Ebrahim Raisi, an ultraconservative cleric who is frequently mentioned as a possible successor to Khamenei. He owes his prominence today to a campaign – seemingly being driven by the highest centers of power in Iran – that has aimed over the past six or so years to portray him as a humble, anti-corruption, and decisive figure.

In 2016, Khamenei appointed Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi as the custodian of Astan-e Qods-e Razavi, a multi-billion dollar religious conglomerate encompassing businesses and endowments that oversees the holy Shia shrine of Imam Reza in Mashhad, the home city of both Khamenei and Raisi. Raisi then ran for president in 2017, losing to Rouhani. But the pro-Raisi campaign did not end there.

(Support Politicoscope. Donate today to help us provide more content like this).



In 2019, Khamenei appointed Raisi head of the judiciary, one of the most powerful positions within the Iranian establishment. Since then, state media has incessantly portrayed Raisi as an anti-corruption crusader.

Who is Ebrahim Raisi? Ebrahim Raeisi Biography

Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi was born in 1960 to a religious family. Raisi grew up in the northeastern city of Mashhad, an important religious centre for Shia Muslims where Imam Reza, the eighth Shia Imam, is buried. Raeisi claims a lineage tracing back to the prophet Muhammad, which enables him to wear a black turban.

Raisi was active in the 1979 revolution that toppled the U.S.-backed Shah and continues to proclaim his fidelity to the “fundamental values” of Khamenei.

“The deep state is willing to go as far as undermining one of its pillars of legitimacy to ensure that Ayatollah Khamenei’s vision for the revolution’s future survives him when Raisi takes over the Supreme Leader’s mantle,” said Vaez.

Vaez was referring to the republican pillar of Iran’s dual system of clerical and republican rule. Critics say a hardline election body’s rejection of leading moderate and conservative hopefuls to enter the election race has cleared the way for tyranny, a charge Iranian authorities deny.

Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi is fiercely loyal to Iran’s ruling clerics, and has even been seen as a possible successor to Ayatollah Khamenei as the country’s supreme leader.

Ebrahim Raisi Career As A Prosecutor

After the 1979 Islamic revolution, a young Raisi joined the prosecutor’s office in Masjed Soleyman in southwestern Iran, and later became the prosecutor for several jurisdictions. In 1981, he was appointed as Iran’s Karaj city prosecutor. After four months, he was appointed as Prosecutor of Hamadan Province. In 1985 he was appointed as Tehran’s deputy prosecutor.

Three years later, he received special provisions from the late founder of the Islamic Republic Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini to address legal issues in provinces like Lorestan, Semnan and Kermanshah.

Following Khomeini’s death and election of Khamenei as the new Supreme Leader, Raisi was appointed as Tehran’s prosecutor. He held the office for five years from 1989 to 1994 and in 1994, while still Tehran’s prosecutor, he was appointed as head of the General Inspection Office.

From 2004 until 2014, Raisi served as Iran’s first deputy chief of justice. He was later appointed as Iran’s Attorney-General in 2014, a post he served in until 2016.

Ebrahim Raisi Education

Ebrahim Raisi attended the seminary in Qom and studied under some of Iran’s most prominent clerics. His education was a point of contention in the debates, where he said he holds a doctorate in law and denied having only six grades of formal education.

Ebrahim Raisi Controversies

Activists hold a far different view of Raisi over his involvement in the 1988 mass execution of prisoners at the end of Iran’s long war with Iraq. After Iran’s then-Supreme Leader Ruhollah Khomeini accepted a U.N.-brokered cease-fire, members of the Iranian opposition group Mujahedeen-e-Khalq, heavily armed by Saddam Hussein, stormed across the Iranian border in a surprise attack.

Iran ultimately blunted their assault, but the attack set the stage for the sham retrials of political prisoners, militants and others that would become known as “death commissions.” Some who appeared were asked to identify themselves. Those who responded “mujahedeen” were sent to their deaths, while others were questioned about their willingness to “clear minefields for the army of the Islamic Republic,” according to a 1990 Amnesty International report.

International rights groups estimate that as many as 5,000 people were executed, while the MEK puts the number at 30,000. Iran has never fully acknowledged the executions, apparently carried out on Khomeini’s orders, though some argue that other top officials were effectively in charge in the months before his 1989 death. Raisi reportedly served on a panel involved in sentencing the prisoners to death.

In 2016, members of the late Grand Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri’s family put out an audio recording of him criticizing the executions as “the biggest crime in the history of the Islamic Republic.”

Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi has never publicly acknowledged his role in the executions, even while campaigning for president.

Given that his predecessor Larijani was named to a U.S. sanctions list, Raisi likely can expect the same. He also takes over a judiciary widely criticized by international rights groups for being one of the world’s top executioners, as well as conducting closed-door trials of those with Western ties.

“Raisi should be prosecuted, not head of Iran’s judiciary,” said Hadi Ghaemi, head of the New York-based Center for Human Rights in Iran. “The selection of Raisi to serve as head of the judiciary will send a clear message: The rule of law has no meaning in Iran, and those who participated in mass murder will be rewarded.”

Ebrahim Raisi would be the first serving Iranian president sanctioned by the U.S. government even before entering office over his involvement in the mass execution of political prisoners in 1988, as well as his time as the head of Iran’s internationally criticized judiciary — one of the world’s top executioners.

Ebrahim Raisi Ran the Imam Reza Charity Foundation

In 2016, Khamenei appointed Raisi to run the Imam Reza charity foundation, which manages a vast conglomerate of businesses and endowments in Iran. It is one of many bonyads, or charitable foundations, fueled by donations or assets seized after Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution. These foundations offer no public accounting of their spending and answer only to Iran’s supreme leader. The Imam Reza charity, known as “Astan-e Quds-e Razavi” in Farsi, is believed to be one of the biggest in the country. Analysts estimate its worth at tens of billions of dollars as it owns almost half the land in Mashhad, Iran’s second-largest city.

At Raisi’s appointment to the foundation in 2016, Khamenei called him a “trustworthy person with high-profile experience.” That led to analyst speculation that Khamenei could be grooming Raisi as a possible candidate to be Iran’s third-ever supreme leader, a Shiite cleric who has final say on all state matters and serves as the country’s commander-in-chief.

Ebrahim Raisi Political Career

Ebrahim Raisi can fairly be described as a “hardliner,” one of those Iranian officials who is openly hostile to the idea of deeper engagement with Western governments and who favors the strict application of Islamic law at the expense of personal freedom.

Raisi is a supporter of a “state-led” vision is not expected to advocate opening up the Iranian economy to foreign investors. “Iran under Raisi is most likely to continue to invest in infrastructure, water, electricity and health, with an economy dominated by the foundations he knows well and the Revolutionary Guards [who also own many companies],” says economist and Iran specialist Thierry Coville

In 2017, Mr Raisi surprised observers by standing for the presidency.

Mr Rouhani, a fellow cleric, won a second term by a landslide in the election’s first round, receiving 57% of the vote. Mr Raisi, who presented himself as an anti-corruption fighter but was accused by the president of doing little to tackle graft as deputy judiciary chief, came second with 38%.

READ MORE:  Nicola Sturgeon Biography and Profile

The loss did not tarnish Mr Raisi’s image and in 2019 Ayatollah Khamenei named him to the powerful position of head of the judiciary. The following week, he was also elected as deputy chairman of the Assembly of Experts, the 88-member clerical body responsible for electing the next Supreme Leader.

When Mr Raisi announced his candidacy for the 2021 presidential election, he declared that he had “come as an independent to the stage to make changes in the executive management of the country and to fight poverty, corruption, humiliation and discrimination”.

Little is known about Mr Raisi’s private life except that his wife, Jamileh, teaches at Shahid Beheshti University in Tehran, and that they have two children. His father-in-law is Ayatollah Ahmad Alamolhoda, the hardline Friday prayer leader in Mashhad.

After winning the 2021 Iran’s Presidential Election, Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi will have significant influence over Iran’s domestic policy and foreign affairs. But in Iran’s political system it is the country’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the top religious cleric, who has the final say on all state matters.

The election was engineered to pave the way for Mr Raisi to win. This has alienated a good number of Iranians already deeply discontented with their living conditions in an economy that is crippled by US sanctions but also mismanagement.

The result of the election will not help with their concerns and may even lead to more instability at home. In the past few years Iran has witnessed at least two rounds of serious nationwide protests – with hundreds, some say thousands, killed.

With Mr Raisi taking the presidency the hardliners will have taken all the centres of power: the executive branch as well as the legislative and the judiciary. Iran will be a more closed society. Freedoms will likely be curtailed even more than before.

The regime will look to China to help the economy out of deep crisis. There will be more tension with the West. Indirect talks between Iran and the US in Vienna over reviving the nuclear deal may face more uncertainty. There are already reports that the talks will now break up for a few weeks, allowing all sides to take stock of the new reality in Iran.

Ebrahim Raeisi Wins 2021 Iran’s Presidential Elections

Iranians voted Friday 18 June 2021 in a presidential election dominated by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei’s hard-line protege after the disqualification of his strongest competition, fueling apathy that left some polling places largely deserted despite pleas to support the Islamic Republic at the ballot box.

Hard-line judiciary chief Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi won Iran’s 2021 presidential election by a landslide, according to preliminary results by the Interior Ministry. Raeisi, Mohsen Rezaei, Abdolnasser Hemmati, and Amir Hossein Qazizadeh Hashemi were competing in the Friday elections.

Qazizadeh congratulated Raeisi. “While supporting the votes of the people, I congratulate Hazrat Ayatollah Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi as the people’s” elected president, Qazizadeh stated. Qazizadeh also wished success for Raeisi for being granted the honor by the electorate to serve the “great Iranian nation”. 90 percent of the total 28,600,000 ballots have been counted so far and Raeisi has succeeded to win 17,800,000 votes, the Interior Ministry election headquarters said.

Rezaei, Hemmati, and Qazizadeh have also won 3,300,000 votes, 2,400,000 votes, and 1,000,000 votes, respectively. The three losers of the presidential race issued separate messages congratulating Raeisi for winning the presidential post. Later in the day, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani turned up at the campaign HQ of Raeisi to congratulate him in person.

Parliament Speaker Mohammad-Baqer Qalibaf also sent a congratulatory note to Raeisi and said the legislative branch stood fully ready to cooperate with the president-elect’s administration.

The Parliament, he said, announces its readiness for all-out cooperation with the elected administration, and truly hopes for the opening of a new chapter in revolutionary and Jahadi (arduous) management toward the resolution of the people’s problems through congruence between the executive and legislative branches.”

Raisi has promised to create a “people’s government” and a “strong Iran,” while highlighting his humble origins and the death of his father when he was only 5 years old.

“I have tasted poverty, not merely heard about it,” says one of his campaign’s posters.

“Dear youth, if for any reason you are frustrated, you should know that with an active presence in the [election] arena, a powerful people’s government can be formed,” he said in a campaign video posted online.

During a recent visit to a cemetery to pay his respects to martyrs, Raisi was interviewed by a reporter with the state television controlled by hard-liners who addressed him as if he had been already elected.

“God willing, we’re on the verge of a people’s government,” said the reporter, prompting online criticism and accusations that Raisi had been already “appointed” as president and that the regime was dropping any pretense about the upcoming vote being democratic.

Ebrahim Raisi Potential Successor to Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei

Raisa is even being considered as a likely successor to the supreme leader. He was recently elected vice-president of the Assembly of Experts, the body responsible for proposing a new supreme leader in the event of the death of Khamenei.

All he needs now is a place at the head of the executive to have completed the tour of Iranian institutions. If he wins this presidential election, he will acquire the popular legitimacy that he still lacks. It’s worth remembering that Khamenei was himself President of Iran when he was called to occupy the post of supreme leader in 1989, after the death of Ayatollah Khomeini.

Given Khamenei’s age – as at 2021, he’s 82 – and questions about his health, there are very real suggestions that the next president could indeed be his successor. This election could be Raisi’s springboard to the position of supreme leader.

“Raisi is someone that Khamenei trusts … Raisi can protect the supreme leader’s legacy,” said Sanam Vakil, deputy director of Chatham House’s Middle East and North Africa Program.

“Raisi is someone that Khamenei trusts … Raisi can protect the supreme leader’s legacy,” said Sanam Vakil, deputy director of Chatham House’s Middle East and North Africa Program.

US Sanctions

Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi, a close Khamenei ally who vows to fight corruption, is under U.S. sanctions for alleged involvement in executions of political prisoners decades ago.

Iran Nuclear Deal

Ebrahim Raisi 2021 Iran Election win put hard-liners firmly in control across the government as the Iran Nuclear Deal negotiations in Vienna continue to try to save a tattered deal meant to limit Iran’s nuclear program at a time when Tehran is enriching uranium at its highest levels ever, though it still remains short of weapons-grade levels.

Tensions remain high with both the U.S. and Israel, which is believed to have carried out a series of attacks targeting Iranian nuclear sites as well as assassinating the scientist who created its military atomic program decades earlier.

Ebrahim Raisi Family

Ebrahim Raisi’s father, who was a cleric, died when he was five years old. Mr Raisi, who wears a black turban identifying him in Shia tradition as a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad, followed his father’s footsteps and started attending a Shia seminary in the holy city of Qom at the age of 15.

Ebrahim Raeisi Wife

Jamileh Alamolhoda, the wife of Ebrahim Raisi & daughter of Ahmad Alamolhoda, hardline Mashhad Friday prayer leader. She holds a Ph.D.


Biography Tags:

  • Seyed Ebrahim Raisi,
  • Ebrahim Raisi,
  • Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi,
  • Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi Biography,
  • Ebrahim Raeisi Biography Profile,
  • Ebrahim Raeisi Biography,
  • Ebrahim Raisi Biography,
  • Ebrahim Raisi Biography and Profile

Subscribe to News Like This

Thank you for visiting Politicoscope.com. Show your strong support.
+ Share this content with all your friends or Discuss this below.
(Support Politicoscope. Donate today to help us provide more content like this).